Tonsillitis

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    Service Name: Tonsillitis

    Tonsillitis generally occurs while the tonsils get inflamed and infected. Tonsils are the two tiny lumps of soft tissue on both sides of the neck. As part of the immune system, tonsils gather some germs that can make an individual sick. While it gets infected, they get sore and swollen, which can hurt. 

     

    Types of Tonsillitis

    There are two types of tonsillitis in general. There are:

    • Bacterial Tonsillitis: It is also known as strep throat. Around 30 percent of tonsillitis cases occur from group A Streptococcus bacteria.  
    • Viral Tonsillitis: Almost 70 percent of issues happen due to the virus. The flu (influenza) or a cold are the most common causes.

    Possible Causes of Tonsillitis

    The bacteria and viruses that form tonsillitis are highly contagious by nature. They spread from human to human. The following can be the ways to pass it:

    • Sharing food, drink, or utensils.
    • Coming in close contact with a sick person.
    • Touching contaminated surface.
    • Using your hands to touch your mouth and nose without first cleaning them.
    • Inhaling smaller particles that become airborne while an infected person coughs or sneezes.

    Risk Factors

    The Risk factors for tonsillitis include invasion by pathogenic viruses and bacteria. Below situations can be considered as the prominent risk factors:

    • Living in close proximity to children
    • Urban environment with exposure to viruses and bacteria
    • Immunocompromised patients
    • Airborne pollutants
    • Suffering from diabetes
    • Cardiac disease
    • Obesity

    Sign & Symptoms of Tonsillitis

    It doesn’t take much time to spot the symptoms. They usually happen to come to effect suddenly. Some of the common symptoms of tonsillitis are:

    • Scratchy or sore throat
    • Difficulty or pain in swallowing
    • Swollen, red throat, and tonsils
    • White patches or a gray, yellow, or white coating on the tonsils 
    • Fever above 100.4 degrees
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Vomiting or stomachache

    Complication associated with tonsillitis

    Bacterial tonsillitis can primarily result in severe complications. However, it is scarce to spot any. It mainly occurs in children. Viral tonsillitis, on the other hand, doesn’t lead to any complications. 

    Some of the complications include:

    • Peritonsillar abscess or Quincy, which is generally a build-up of pus amidst the throat wall and the tonsil.
    • Obstructive sleep apnea, where the breathing and sleep cycle of an individual gets affected while the throat walls relax during the sleep.
    • Rheumatic fever causes inflammation throughout the body.
    • Glomerulonephritis, where the filtering process of kidneys swells and cause vomiting.

    Treatment Options at 7DMC

    Tonsillitis can be treated using a variety of DIY treatments. However, it does not ensure that it will work every time. It’s at this point when 7DMC steps in to assist you. We have professionals to help you get rid of the pain. And get back to your normal state.   

    If, after the diagnosis, your tonsillitis doesn’t seem to be severe enough, we go with medications. We provide OTC medications, antibiotics like penicillin to numb the symptoms. To begin with, one must undergo the following diagnosis before starting the treatment:

    • Examine the throat for swelling, white spots, or redness on the tonsils.
    • Spot other symptoms like stomachache, fever, rash, cough, or runny nose.
    • Signs of infection inside of the nose and ears.
    • Check the sides of the neck to observe if the lymph nodes are tender and swollen.

    For cases where there is a dire need for the removal of tonsillitis, we go with surgery. It is only in case of secondary problems when our doctors perform a tonsillectomy. 

    Hence, if your tonsillitis is affecting you or your child, schedule an appointment as soon as possible to protect your tonsils from chronic and viral infections.

    FAQs

    Frequently asked questions

    The most noticeable signs of tonsillitis are red, swollen with white or yellow spots. Your doctor can collect a throat culture to examine the cause of the throat infection.

    You might also have to go through a blood test. It can provide information on identifying whether your throat infection is bacterial or viral.

    Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils. The tonsils are areas of lymph tissue on both sides of the throat, situated above and behind the tongue. They are part of the immune system and help the body fight infection. Tonsillitis often goes away on its own in 4 to 10 days. But it is advisable that not to wait for it to go away on its own. It will help if you visit a doctor as soon as possible because this infection can be severe and cause other issues.