Stuttering

Book an Appointment

    Stuttering

    Stuttering is often tagged as a speech disorder. Some often term it as diffluent speech or stammering. NIDCD says this disorder affects around 5 to 10% of children. All of them are found mostly between 2 to 6 years of age. People are often seen to come out of this trouble in adulthood. But there are several cases observed where people fail to recover and continue to stammer as adults. 

    Possible Causes

    There are whole ranges of situations that can lead to stuttering. While some of them are pretty basic, some could be a bit severe. They are:

    • Family history
    • Family dynamics
    • Neurophysiology
    • Developmental issues during childhood

    Other than that, brain injuries due to a stroke can also develop neurogenic stuttering. On the other hand, emotional trauma can lead to psychogenic stuttering. Sometimes, it is found that if the parents stutter, the child tends to adopt the same disorder. 

    Risk Factors

    The knowledge of the following risk factors can help people prevent injuries:

    • Family history
    • Age at onset
    • Time since onset
    • Male
    • Experiencing trauma or violence

    Signs and Symptoms

    To be precise, stuttering is classified by recurrent syllables, sounds, words, and disruptions. For instance, an individual might repeat the same consonant like “T,” “K,” or “G.” 

    The stress resulting from stuttering might show up in the below-mentioned symptoms:

    • Physical changes such as excessive eye blinking, facial tics, the tension in the upper body, face, and lip tremors
    • Pausing or hesitating before speaking
    • Denying to speak
    • Interjections of additional words or sounds into sentences
    • Repetition of phrases or words
    • Tension in the voice
    • Rearrangement of words in a sentence
    • Creating long sounds with syllables or words

    Diagnosis

    Doctors or health professionals (speech-language pathologists) trained to evaluate or

    treat patients make a diagnosis for stutter. The experts may use different or similar methods to diagnose stuttering:

    • Health history evaluation
    • Looking for an underlying health condition
    • Knowing medical history
    • Differentiation between the repetition of syllables

    Treatment Options at 7DMC

    We in 7DMC believe in solving issues from their root. Hence, our speech-language pathologist begins with diagnosing stuttering. There is no such requirement for invasive testing. A proper description is enough for our expert to make an idea. 

    Generally, not every child requires treatment for stuttering. While it gets resolute with time, some might need the following treatments we perform:

    • Speech Therapy: It helps to observe the spots where one stutters by slowing down the speech. Results are gained in this therapy quite slowly with practice.
    • Electronic Devices: Few devices are prescribed that helps patients to practice and listen themselves. The more they hear themselves, the more they become attentive towards improvement. 
    • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: This therapy aims to inculcate a positive attitude in the patient. It helps to reduce stress and regain confidence. 
    • Parent-child Interaction: Parental contribution in practicing strategies at home plays a crucial role. Our expert provides guidance specially designed as per the patient’s requirement. 

    Treatment might not entirely eliminate stuttering. But we in 7DMC aim to teach skills to improve speech fluency, develop effective communication, and build self-confidence through our various therapies like occupational therapy, etc. 

    FAQs

    Frequently asked questions

    Stutter and stammer are different terms used for fluency disorder or speech disorder. Based on the usage, here are a few differences between both the terms:

    Stutter

    Stammer

    More predominantly used in America, Australia, and Canada

    More often used in the UK

    It appears in the DSM5

    It is not used in DSM5

    Originated from the German word “stutzen,” meaning “to hesitate.”

    Originated from the Old English word “stamerian,” meaning “stumble.”

    Most international and national organizations name use the term.

    Only a few international organizations use the term.

    A marginal number of children and adults who stutter are known to have faced or faced psychological or emotional problems. However, there is no direct link between stuttering and emotional trauma.

    There are generally three different forms of stuttering. Each of them has its significant root cause. They are:

    • Developmental: Boys younger than five years are prone to this type of trouble. It occurs during their development of the speech and language spectrum. This type of stuttering can resolve without any treatment. 
    • Neurogenic: There are signal abnormalities spotted between the nerves or muscles and brain in this particular type. 
    • Psychogenic: The final type occurs in a specific region of the brain. It is those areas that govern reasoning and thinking.