Thyroid Diseases

Introduction

The thyroid gland is a small organ found in front of the neck bundled around the windpipe. It is responsible for producing and regulating hormones that control our body's metabolic processes. A thyroid problem is a medical condition in which thyroid glands cannot make the appropriate amount of hormone. Thyroid diseases can be minor, goiter (enlarged gland) to life intimidating ailments. Among many thyroid diseases, the most common thyroid disorder is the hormones' abnormal secretion, which includes hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Types Of Thyroid Disorder

There are two types of this disorder. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the body produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. In contrast, a loss of thyroid hormone production characterizes hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism

Causes

  • Goiter (enlarged gland), as the gland produces excessive hormones, enlarges the gland, causing the disease.
  • Excess Iodine in the body
Symptoms
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Eye problems and irritation
Hypothyroidism

Causes

  • Swelling of the gland lowers the production of a hormone (Thyroiditis).
  • Body lacking iodine as it helps the thyroid gland to produce more hormones.
  • Non-operation by the thyroid gland since birth.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Experiencing inattention
  • Intermittent menstrual cycle
  • Dry and rough hair

It's worth noting that people with diabetes are more likely to acquire thyroid illness.

How can 7DMC help?

Our experts will enquire about your physical condition and medical history. Based on the provided information, our doctors can suggest the following tests:

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone – This test will determine if your body has a thyroid hormone imbalance, i.e., whether the hormones are insufficient or excessive.
  • T4 – It is a thyroxine test that will directly detect thyroid hormones and determine if you have hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
  • T3- To determine the severity of hyperthyroidism, a triiodothyronine test is performed. T3 levels should be between 100 - 200 ng/dL.

These are just a few of the regular tests that our doctors may recommend. Our physicians can prescribe drugs to cure the condition or further tests such as calcitonin, and thyroid antibodies, based on the results of the standard tests. Thyroid problems can be fixed with suitable precautions and supervision from a specialist. Our specialists will assist you to the best of their abilities.