Rheumatic Conditions

Introduction

Rheumatic disorders are autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that cause your immune system to attack your joints, muscles, bones, and organs. They're sometimes bundled together as "arthritis."

Rheumatic illnesses, which include most types of arthritis and spondyloarthropathies (inflammatory spinal ailments), are often severe, chronic, and progressive, meaning they become worse with time. Early diagnosis and therapy can slow the progression of many rheumatic ailments.

According to studies, people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Middle East have a longer time to get diagnosed and use less disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Risk Factors and Causes

The real cause is unknown, although it is thought to be multifactorial. The immune system is dysregulated in most autoimmune diseases due to genetic risk factors and environmental stimuli. It begins to damage the joints and other tissues.

Women are substantially more likely than males to have autoimmune illnesses, with approximately 65 percent of sufferers being female. An autoimmune sickness in the family may raise the risks of acquiring one.

Symptoms

The most frequent symptom is joint pain, which can range from moderate to severe and cause impairment. The discomfort is often accompanied by joint stiffness, which is worst first thing in the morning. Some people may have pain and stiffness across their entire body and swelling in the afflicted joints. Back pain and stiffness are the most common symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis, which affects the spine's joints.

Arthritis affects the joint's surface and, in some instances, the underlying bone. If left untreated, the illness develops and causes joint degeneration, which can lead to abnormalities. When infected, some types of arthritis are classed as systemic.

When inflammation occurs, some types of arthritis may cause harm for almost every organ or system, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels, and skin. Lupus, often known as SLE or systemic lupus erythematosus, is a dangerous inflammatory illness that affects the internal organs, joints, and even skin and can be deadly in severe circumstances.

How can 7DMC help?

The diagnosis is made based on the symptoms and a thorough examination of the joints for indications including joint swelling, restricted range of motion, and a crushing or grinding feeling.

Simple x-rays generally confirm a prognosis of osteoarthritis. Blood testing includes standard examinations as well as antibody-specific tests.

ANA (antinuclear antibody) is an essential screening test for people with clinical characteristics that indicate Lupus. If the ANA is positive, further tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis, determine the severity, and measure the therapy.

Rheumatoid factor and antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (anti-CCP)