Kidney

Related Problems

Introduction

Kidneys are necessary for a healthy body. They are primarily in charge of removing waste products, excess water, and other pollutants from the bloodstream. Toxins are accumulated in the bladder and subsequently eliminated by urine. The kidneys also control the body's pH, salt, and potassium levels. They generate hormones that govern red blood cell formation and regulate blood pressure. Even a type of vitamin D that the kidneys activate aids in calcium absorption.

According to a recent study, kidney disease affects 4.6 percent of males and 2.8 percent of females in the UAE. It happens when the kidneys get damaged and are unable to function correctly. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become much more common over the last two decades, affecting 13.4% of the global population, with most cases falling into stages 3–5.

Types and Causes of Kidney Diseases

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Hypertension (HTN) is a significant factor in CKD onset, and its incidence has risen in the UAE during the previous two decades. Another important risk factor for CKD is type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), affecting 29 percent of UAE residents. Few cardiovascular risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, smoking, and obesity, are also more prevalent in the UAE population. It's known that these avoidable cardiovascular risk factors impact the pace of CKD development.

Kidney Stones

Another common kidney issue is kidney stones. Chemicals and minerals in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, resulting in solid masses (stones). They can be excruciatingly painful to pass, although they seldom cause significant complications.

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is a condition in which the glomeruli become inflamed. Glomeruli are tiny blood-filtering structures found inside the kidneys. Infections, medications, and congenital anomalies can cause glomerulonephritis (disorders that occur during or shortly after birth). It usually improves on its own.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Polycystic kidney disease is a hereditary condition in which the kidneys develop many cysts (tiny sacs of fluid). These cysts can induce renal failure by interfering with kidney function.

What are the signs of renal disease?

Kidney illness might go undetected for a long time until the symptoms become severe. The following are a few indications and symptoms of renal disease:

  • Fatigue
  • Sleeping problem
  • Concentration issue
  • Muscular cramps and a lack of appetite
  • Swollen feet/ankles in the morning
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Dry, rough skin
  • Frequent urination, especially late at night

How can 7DMC help?

Our specialists will first assess if you fall into one of the high-risk categories. They'll then do some tests to see if your kidneys are in proper working order. These tests can include the following:

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)

This test will identify the stage of renal disease and how effectively your kidneys are performing.

Ultrasound Or Computed Tomography (CT) Scan

Ultrasounds and CT scans provide detailed pictures of your kidneys and urinary system.

Kidney Biopsy

A kidney biopsy involves removing a tiny bit of tissue from your kidney to identify the type of kidney disease and the extent of the damage.

Urine Examination

A urine sample can be requested to test for albumin. When your kidneys are injured, albumin is a protein that can be passed into your urine.

Creatinine Blood Test

Creatinine is a byproduct of metabolism. When creatine is broken down, it is released into the bloodstream. If your kidneys don't operate correctly, your blood creatinine levels will increase.