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Medical Service Name – Eczema

Eczema is a common inflammatory skin disorder that affects people all over the world. Skin areas become scaly, dry, itchy, and red as a result of the disease. Blisters can also be caused by certain varieties.

The 7 varieties are as follows:

  • Atopic dermatitis (the most common one)
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Dyshidrotic eczema
  • Nummular eczema
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Stasis dermatitis

Possible Causes

Research suggests that people with depression, asthma, and hay fever are highly likely to get eczema. It is neither a transmissible nor a deadly disease. In fact, it does not harm the rest of your body in any manner. The catch is, it can be painful. Typically, it’s a composition of the immune system, genetics, and environmental triggers. Numerous factors can exacerbate eczema.

  • Skin irritants such as soap bars, detergents, paints, perfumes, etc. can cause it.
  • It’s symptoms can be aggravated by certain foods, such as nuts and dairy.
  • Environmental factors like dust, smoke, and pollen can significantly beget eczema.
  • Family history of dermatitis can be one of the eminent reasons.
  • Low humidity in the weather can also result in dry and itchy skin.

Some individuals grow out of it, while others might struggle with it far into adulthood.

Risk Factors

It is widespread amongst children and is less noticed in adults. Approximately 10-25% of children and 5-10% of adults are at risk. 50% of children are likely to suffer from eczema before turning 1, whereas more than 85% get this skin condition within 5 years of age. The bright side is that by the age of 12, most youngsters will have recovered from their illness.

People suffering from severe eczema may require more intense therapy to alleviate their symptoms. Skin infections can also be caused by constant rubbing and itching.

Sign & Symptoms

The signs of eczema may differ for children and adults. Neck, elbow, knees, feet are some of the most prone areas. Eczema usually starts with an itch. 

Though the symptoms vary due to different kinds of this disease, some “common symptoms of eczema” includes:

  • Dryness
  • Itchiness
  • Inflammation
  • Red rashes
  • Bumps
  • Swelling
  • Crusting
  • Skin flushing

There is a fair probability that you might experience all of the mentioned symptoms or just a few of them. 

Diagnosis

Your skin will be examined carefully by our healthcare practitioner. Doctors will check for basic eczema symptoms such as redness and dryness. They’ll inquire about your sensations.

Typically, our medical professional will be able to identify eczema based on an evaluation. When in doubt, they can perform the following tests:

  • A skin allergies test.
  • Blood tests to rule out other reasons for the rash that aren’t connected to dermatitis.
  • To differentiate one kind of dermatitis from another, a skin biopsy might be performed.

Treatment Options at 7DMC

Our health professionals would prescribe a perfect course of treatment, from managing the symptoms to treating severe skin conditions. The dermatologist would physically examine your skin and analyze your medical records. 

The treatment plan may include:

  • Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments:These are anti-inflammatory drugs that should alleviate the primary symptoms of eczema, such as irritation and itching.
  • Oral Medication:If topical therapies do not work, a doctor may prescribe oral drugs like systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressants.
  • Antibiotics:Antibiotics are prescribed by doctors when eczema coexists with a bacterial skin infection.
  • Antihistamines:As they promote sleepiness, antihistamines can help prevent midnight scratching.
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors:This medication inhibits immune system activity. It helps reduce inflammation and aids in the prevention of flare-ups.
  • Barrier repair moisturizers:These moisturizers aim to prevent water loss while also repairing the skin.
  • Phototherapy:This process entails being exposed to UVA or UVB radiation. This approach can be used to treat mild dermatitis. Throughout the therapy, a doctor will keep a careful eye on the skin.
  • Injected biologic drugs:These treatments inhibit immune system proteins, limiting immune system response.
FAQs

Frequently asked questions

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) results from a combination of immune system inflammation, genetics, environmental factors, and anxiety. Your immune system overreacts to a minor source of annoyance or allergens if you have dermatitis. Your skin may become inflamed as a result of this response.

Eczema symptoms may worsen at night for a variety of causes, such as:

  • The temperature of a person’s skin drops during the night due to the body’s sleep and wake cycles, which can cause itching.
  • The benefits of moisturizing during the day may have worn off by the evening.
  • People are more inclined to scratch during sleeping, which can aggravate itching.

Tension and stress are significant triggers for eczema flare-ups, leading to even more depression and fear and even more eczema outbursts. Living with eczema may be extremely difficult on our mental well-being, from its red, rash-like look to the constant itch and restless nights.