Kidneys are reddish-brown bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, below the ribs, and behind the belly. They are vital organs that filter the blood and remove toxins from the body. These toxins then move to the bladder, which goes out of the body through urination. Kidneys are also responsible for regulating the blood pressure, balancing the electrolyte level in the body, and stimulating red blood cell production.
When the kidney function drops below 15 percent of the standard rate, kidney failure occurs. This means that kidney failure occurs when the kidneys lose their ability to filter waste from the blood. Kidney failure is the last stage of chronic kidney failure. It is also known as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
In many cases, kidney failure results from other health problems that give rise to permanent damage to the kidneys over a long period. However, various other factors also interfere with kidney health and functioning, like- toxic exposure to different pollutants in the environment or certain kinds of medication that has a side effect, kidney trauma, dehydration, chronic diseases, and acute diseases.
The primary causes that contribute to kidney failure include:
Kidney failure occurs from a sudden loss of blood flow. The conditions that cause the loss of blood flow to the kidneys are:
When the body fails to eliminate urine, the toxins move back to the kidneys. Several reasons are responsible for urine elimination problems, such as:
Other causes may lead to kidney failure, such as
Five kidney failure stages fall under two main groups- Acute Kidney Failure and Chronic kidney failure. They are
A person with kidney failure may or may not have a few of the symptoms listed below:
There are several tests conducted by doctors or professionals to diagnose kidney failure
There are five kidney failure stages- from mild (stage 1) to complete kidney failure, I.e., stage 5.
Stage 1: Stage 1 of kidney failure is very mild. The patient usually experiences no symptoms or visible complications, although some damage is present. It is possible to repress and slow the progression at this stage if a healthy lifestyle is maintained. This will include regular exercises, eating a balanced diet, stopping tobacco and alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight. A person with diabetes needs to manage their blood sugar level.
Stage 2: This is a mild stage but detects issues like protein in the urine or physical damage to the kidneys.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle will help at this stage. However, there are other risk factors at this stage, such as heart disease, blood disorders, and inflammation.
Stage 3: The kidney disease at this stage is considered moderate, and the kidney function severely hampers. Stage 3 of kidney disease has two stages- stage 3A and stage 3B. The differences between the two are determined by a blood test that measures the waste in the body. The symptoms of kidney disease become more visible at this stage, such as swelling of hands and feet, changes to urination, back pain.
Stage 4: This stage of kidney failure ranges from moderate to severe. It’s not a complete kidney failure, but the kidneys stop functioning properly. At this stage, the symptoms lead to further complications such as high blood pressure, bone marrow diseases, and anemia.
Stage 5: This is the final stage where there is complete kidney failure or nearly so. At this stage, regular dialysis is mandatory.
There are many treatments available for kidney failure. The type of treatments required depends on the reason for kidney failure
There are specific steps that can help in reducing the risk of kidney failure. They are:
Kidneys are an essential part of the human body. They filter out the impurities from the body to ensure a healthy and proper lifestyle. It is crucial to take care of the kidneys and engage in a proper diet and routine to have a healthy kidney.